Background:

Salsa music is a genre of music, generally defined as a modern style of playing Cuban SonSon Montuno, and Guaracha with touches from other genres of music. Originally, Salsa was not a rhythm in its own right, but a name given in the 1970s to various Cuban-derived genres, such as Son, Mambo and Son Montuno.

Regarding the genre's origin, Johnny Pacheco,[3] creator of the Fania All-Stars, who "brought salsa to New York"[4] (of which some members include:Tito Puente, Ray Barretto, Willie Colón, Larry Harlow, Johnny Pacheco, Roberto Roena, Bobby Valentín), explained[5] that "..salsa is and always had been Cuban Music."

Popular across Latin America and North America, salsa incorporates multiple styles and variations. Most specifically, however, salsa refers to a particular style developed in the 1960s and '70s by Cuban and Puerto Rican immigrants to the New York City area, and its later stylistic descendants including 1980ssalsa romantica and other sub-genres. The style is now practiced throughout Latin America, and abroad. Salsa derives from the Cuban son and mambo, as the music foundation is based on the Son Clave. The terms Latin jazz andsalsa are sometimes used interchangeably; many musicians are considered a part of either (like Tito PuenteEddie PalmieriRay Barretto among others), or both, fields, especially performers from prior to the 1970s.[6]

Salsa is essentially Cuban in stylistic origin,[7] though it also has styles mixed with popjazzrock, and R&B.[8] Salsa is the primary music played at Latin dance clubs and is the "essential pulse of [Latin] music", according to Ed Morales,[9] while music author Peter Manuel called it the "most popular dance (music) among Puerto Rican and Cuban communities, (and in) Central and South America", and "one of the most dynamic and significant pan-American musical phenomena of the 1970s and 1980s".[10] Modern salsa remains a dance-oriented genre and is closely associated with a style of salsa dancing.

For more information, see the Salsa Music Wiki and Salsa Roots website.

Audio Sample: 

Vibraphone:

In the 1960s, Joe Cuba helped to develop a musical style called "Latin Boogaloo" and his band used a smaller configuration, replacing horns with a vibraphone. The music remains hugely popular today. Members of his band such as Jimmy Sabater, went on to form other bands ("Son Boriqua" in this case) and offshoot bands in later years carried the music forward. Bands such as Grupo Latin Vibe and New Swing Sextet are popular today. New Swing had disbanded when they received so much demand for them to return that they re-formed and tour around the country currently. The sound is special. Hip and cool, but still having all of the high energy, fascinating rhythms and danceability of all great salsa music! 

VibraSÓN carries this genre forward in the San Francisco Bay Area. 

 

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